KIDS COUNT FACTBOOK 2005
at a Glance (Parts One and Two)
One: Oklahoma's Children and Youth How are they doing?
Oklahoma KIDS COUNT Factbook provides accurate and up-to-date
data on the status of Oklahoma's children and youth. Annually,
the book tracks child well-being indicators for the state as a
whole and for each of its 77 counties. (See page 8 and pages 25
through 31 of the 2005 Factbook for specific data on each of the
twelve tracked indicators.)
Good News The 2005 Oklahoma KIDS COUNT Factbook documents that
eight of twelve indicators improved over the comparable data from
the middle of the 1990s.
to Teens (to Young Teens, Older Teens, All Teens) About
seventy-four hundred babies are born annually to Oklahoma women
under the age of twenty. The progress made in decreasing the Oklahoma
birth rate to teens is evident in the rates for nearly every county.
Even so, with births to teens ages 15 through 19 ranked at forty-four,
Oklahoma remains among the worst ten states in the nation during
the most recent year compared.
Violent Crime Arrests Each year almost twenty-five
thousand criminal arrests involve juveniles. Just under a thousand
Oklahoma youths from the ages of 10 through 17 are arrested each
year for committing a violent crime. The proportion of Oklahoma
youths arrested for violent crimes continues to improve from the
record highs recorded during the 1990s. Oklahoma ranks in the
best third of the nation on the portion of violent crimes for
which a juvenile is arrested.
Mortality Each year just under four hundred (388) babies
born in Oklahoma do not live to see their first birthday. Today,
proportionately fewer Oklahoma babies die in their first year
of life than did in the mid-1990s. Ranking in the bottom half
of all the states, Oklahoma's rate of infant death is only fair
relative to other parts of the country. Oklahoma's rank among
the fifty states is 38th during the most recent year.
(Child Death, Teen Death, Child and Teen Death) More
than four hundred youth die each year. Half are children; half
are teens. Currently, youth in every age group die at rates lower
than they did in the mid-1990s. Even though improved in recent
years, Oklahoma's rankings of child and teen death for the most
recent year compared are in the worst half of all states (34th
in child death; 37th in teen death).
Bad News The 2005 Oklahoma KIDS COUNT Factbook documents that
three of twelve indicators worsened over the comparable data from
the middle of the 1990s.
and Very Low Birthweight Infants (under 5 lbs, under 3 lbs, 5
oz) Each year almost four thousand Oklahoma babies
are born too small. The lower the birthweight, the greater the
harm. A higher proportion of Oklahoma babies are born too small
today as compared to those born in the mid-1990s. Oklahoma's rate
of low birthweight infants remains average relative to other parts
of the country. Oklahoma is ranked 27th among the fifty states
during the most recent year compared.
Abuse and Neglect Oklahoma Department of Human Services
investigate almost fifty thousand incidents each year that contain
allegations of serious or immediate threats to a child's safety.
On average, OKDHS substantiates that over thirteen thousand of
those incidents are abuse and/or neglect. Fortunately, the record
high rate of child abuse and/or neglect posted in Oklahoma during
the late 1990s has declined substantially. Unfortunately, today's
rates still remain above those recorded before the rates peaked
in the late 1990s. Oklahoma ranks in the bottom half of all states
(39th) in the rate of child abuse and neglect the state substantiates
per 1000 children in the state.
of a recent change in the methodology used to calculate Oklahoma
high school dropout rates the 2005 Factbook cannot offer a comparison
over time. Oklahoma's high school dropout rate averages 3.7% during
the most recent three-year period. Almost eight thousand young
Oklahomans quit school without graduating each year.
Two: A State Focus A Picture of Child Health in Oklahoma
or bad health starts before birth. Health is dynamic for a child.
Health status at each stage of development impacts a child's well-being
at the next stage and further defines their future, and ours.
Good health allows a child to learn, to participate, to develop
and grow into a healthy, productive adult. The 2005 Oklahoma KIDS
COUNT Factbook takes a look at the physical and emotional health
and development of the state's children. (See pages 9 through
23 of the 2005 Factbook for more specific data on the health
of children in Oklahoma.)
to Health Care
• Financing Health Care
• Health Resources
year seventeen thousand Oklahoma children fail to receive all
the health care they need.
of every five Oklahoma children do not have a "medical home,"
a place with a primary care provider where the child consistently
receives all needed care and at least one preventive care visit
during the most recent year. Among children needing prescription
medications, almost ten thousand do not receive them. Among children
needing mental health care, thirty thousand do not receive it.
every one thousand Oklahomans, there are fewer than two physicians,
just over twelve nurses and less than one dentist.
in five Oklahoma children have no insurance or were not insured
for some period during the last year, compared to on in seven
combined Oklahoma Medicaid and SCHIP eligibility, just under half
of Oklahoma's children are eligible for public insurance.
then thirty-two thousand additional Oklahoma children could be
covered if income eligibility were raised from 185% to 200% of
the federal poverty level.
Influencing Child Health
• Nutrition and Exercise
• Preventive and Routine Health Care
• Alcohol and Other Drugs
• Unhealthy Adolescent Behavior
• Perinatal Care
• Air Quality Standards
• Lead Exposure
• Secondhand Smoke
Oklahomans, obesity has become the second most preventable cause
of death. Since 1980, obesity has doubled among children and tripled
year, there are almost a thousand arrests for drug and alcohol-related
offenses for every 100,000 Oklahoma juveniles ages 10 through
remains the number one environmental hazard for children in Oklahoma.
Five of every ten thousand Oklahoma infants and toddlers (ages
6 to 72 months) have elevated levels of lead in their blood.
smoking habits of Oklahomans expose children to harm. Two in five
children live in households where someone smokes.
children are less likely to receive preventive and routine care
than other children around the nation. During the past year, one
in four Oklahoma children received no preventive medical care.
one-third of Oklahoma children have not received the recommended
course of vaccinations by the age of two.
who receive regular high quality care during pregnancy are more
likely to have healthier babies and less likely to deliver prematurely
or have serious pregnancy-related problems. In Oklahoma, two of
every five expectant mothers fail to receive the prenatal care
that is recommended to be adequate.
Physical and Emotional Status of Oklahoma's Children
• Physical Health
• Disease Deaths of Children and Youth
• Mental Health, Emotional and Behavioral Health
• Dental Health
• Childhood Disabilities
• Race, Ethnicity and Child Health
eighty-thousand (9.6%) Oklahoma children have a moderate or severe
in ten children (9.1%) are impaired by a serious mental health
decay (dental caries) is the most common childhood disease. Oklahoma
children have particularly poor oral health.
in four Oklahoma children between the ages of 1 and 5 is at moderate
or high risk for developmental delay. More than thirty-five thousand
Oklahoma children from the ages of 5 through 15 have a disability.
Ranking 38th with 6.4% of 5 through 15-year-old children having
at least one disability, Oklahoma is in the worse half of all
year an average of one hundred and forty-four Oklahoma children
and youth ages 1 through 19 die from disease.
most Oklahoma children are very healthy (86.3%), significant and
disturbing differences occur by race and ethnicity. Rates of excellent
or very good health plummet for Hispanic (63.3%) and African American
(78.5%) Oklahoma children.